The saddest part is that the people who take these pills don’t actually lose a meaningful amount of weigh for an appreciable time. They simply void their system of fluid. Some realize this, but report “feeling better and lighter” after taking the pills. Of course, as their system is replenished of fluid, they again feel heavy, take more pills and the cycle is repeated. The abuse of laxatives leads to bloody diarrhea, electrolyte imbalance and dehydration. Some of these conditions are life-threatening. Also, the person taking it soon finds they can’t void their bowels without taking even more. Severe abdominal pain, constipation, nausea and vomiting are other negative effects of laxative abuse.
A commonly abused drug taken by people with eating disorders is Ipecac Syrup. After eating, the person drinks the syrup and begins uncontrolled vomiting. The Ipecac actually damages the heart causing it to weaken. It also causes irregular heartbeats, rapid heart rate and a host of respiratory problems.
Diuretics provide the same feeling of weight loss as laxatives. The dangerous part is that the person initially loses vital electrolytes which may cause life-threatening heart issues. Also, the body begins to retain water as a defense mechanism and more pills are required. Eventually, kidney damage results due to continued dehydration.
Diet pills are generally not safe and cause severe side effects that have resulted in death. They are usually packed with caffeine that negatively affects the heart, internal organs and central nervous system. The rush the pills produce may become additive in a very short period of time. They have not been shown to produce long-term results.