The diet is simple; eat the correct foods in the correct amounts at regular mealtimes.
The correct foods are ones that are rich in nutrients and low in fat and calories. Fruits, vegetables and whole grains are integral parts of this way of eating.
Foods you should eat:
- Healthy carbohydrates such as fruit, vegetables, whole grains and legumes. Low-fat dairy products are also acceptable.
- Fish is good, whether fatty or not. Fish fat is actually good for your heart and health. Avoid tile fish, mackerel and king swordfish which are high in mercury. NEVER EAT FRIED FISH.
- Avocados, nuts and olives contain fats that are good for you but are high in calories and should be eaten in moderation.
Foods you should not eat or limit dramatically:
- Saturated fats such as whole dairy foods and animal proteins such as hot dogs, bacon and beef.
- Trans-fats such as those found in processed snacks and baked goods and in the shortening and butter from which they are made.
- Cholesterol-rich foods—no more than 200 milligrams daily— such as whole dairy products and fatty animal foods, egg yolks, shellfish and all organ meats.
- Count salt milligrams per serving on packages of food and limit to no more than 2,000 per day.
Do not eat empty calories and limit the amount of fat, calories and carbohydrates in your diet. Excess calories and fat are transformed in your body to sugar and creates an unhealthy rise in blood glucose. High blood glucose levels cause nerve kidney and heart damage as well as many other problems. The way you feel and your sense of wellbeing is also greatly affected.
Limiting fat, calories and carbohydrates also keeps weight to acceptable levels making the control of blood glucose much simpler.
Work with a diabetes nutritional counselor to design and monitor a diet that will maintain your blood sugar at the proper level.